In Sanskrit he is called Shani
or Shanaishchara (the slow mover), because he takes about
two and a half years or so to pass through each constellation
of the sidereal zodiac.
In the Linga Purana it is said
that Shani was born from the solar deity Rudra. The Markandeya
Purana states that Shani is the son of the Sun god by his
wife Chaya (shadow).
Saturn is cold and dry, tamasik
(lethargic) and an elderly planet. His sight is bad, and he
is said to be "malefic amongst the malefics."
Saturn destroys the house it occupies
(except if positioned in the seventh house, where it receives
directional strength) and any houses it aspects or any planet
it conjoins or aspects.
When well placed it gives its natives
integrity, wisdom, spirituality, fame, patience, ability to
lead, authority, long life, organizational abilities, sincerity,
honesty, love of justice and awareness of right and wrong.
When ill-posited it brings miseries,
sorrow, delay, obstruction, disappointment, disputes, dejection,
difficulties. Saturnine natives are defensive, nervous and
Saturn rules the direction west,
Saturday is its day, black is its color and blue
sapphire is the gemstone of Saturn. Saturn rules number
8 in indian numerology.